33 Famous Writers and their Masterpieces Books/Works

Discover the world's most famous writers and their timeless masterpieces. Explore influential books that have shaped our world and values.
Reading Famous Writers and their Masterpieces Books/Works has a great influence on our world structure and values.

Today, the editor recommends famous literature books and their authors to everyone. 

Choose a few best authors of all time and their books for yourself, Those are famous authors today and their books are worth reading.

Most Influential & Famous Books and Authors of All Time

Today, the editor recommends the most famous authors and their books in the world to everyone. Choose a few good books for yourself, which are worth reading.

Books have the power to transport us to different worlds, introduce us to new ideas and perspectives, and leave a lasting impact on our lives. 

But which books are considered the most famous in the world? In this article, we will be taking a closer look at the most popular books of all time. 

From classic literature to modern best-sellers, these best-selling books of all time have stood the test of time and continue to be read and loved by millions of people around the world. 

Whether you're a book enthusiast or simply looking for some new reading material, these famous authors and their books list are sure to have something for everyone. 

These Best Influential Books are a great influence. "The most influential books in history" refers to the top ten selected in 2000 based on a poll of 100,000 readers across hundreds of cities across Europe, Asia, the United States, Australia, and Africa organized by the New York Times and Reader’s Digest in the United States. 

So, let's dive in and explore the world-famous authors and their books

Famous Writers and Their Masterpieces Books/Works

These Top famous authors and their works represent the most representative world-famous writers in English literature masters of Britain, France, Russia, and the United States, and the most influential famous authors and their books in the world.

Recommended list of famous authors and their books in the world, choose a few most popular books of all time for yourself. 

In the US textbooks of our elementary school or middle and high schools, there will always be excerpts from the most popular books of all time. 

Reading the most famous book in history has a great influence on our world structure and values. These chicken soups for the soul can show you the way when you are lost. 

So what are the world's most famous authors and their books? what is the most famous book of all time?

1. Homer and "Homer Epic"

Homer, was an ancient Greek blind poet. According to legend, the famous epics "Iliad" and "Odyssey" were written by him.



The basic theme of the "Iliad" is to praise heroes fighting against alien races.


The basic theme of "Odyssey" is to praise the struggle between man and nature. 

The works are rich in content and have created heroic images with different personalities and distinctive personalities. The layout of the story is clever and the language is vivid.

The artistic characteristics of Homer's epic
  1. The combination of realistic factors and mythological factors. 
  2. The originality of the structure. An interception of a whole picture reflecting the event, numerous episodes, character dialogues, and monologues make the work dramatic. 
  3. Using objective narrative methods. 
  4. Put the hero in a specific situation, and use exaggerated techniques and colorful verses to describe the characters' language, actions, and psychology in detail, and to show their personality characteristics. 
  5. Use metaphors more and better. These metaphors come from nature or daily life. They are called "Homeric metaphors" in history. They play an important role in portraying characters, strengthening the image of the poem, and enriching the color of the poem.

2. Dante and "The Divine Comedy"

Dante is the founder of Italian national literature, "the last poet in the Middle Ages, and at the same time the first poet of the new era". His "Divine Comedy" expresses the contradiction between the old and the new in both ideology and art.


"The Divine Comedy" is divided into three parts: "Hell", "Purgatory" and "Heaven", each with 33 chapters, plus the preface before the "Hell Chapter", for a total of 100 chapters. The whole poem is like a huge fable, full of symbolism. 

The poet uses the dark forest to symbolize the dark reality of Italy, the poet’s lost journey to symbolize the confusion of mankind, the three beasts to symbolize the social evil forces that hinder people from leading to the light, Virgil to symbolize reason and philosophy, and Beatrice Symbolizes theology and faith. 

With an allegorical story, the poet pointed out to us an ideal way to revive Italy, to know the highest truth, and to achieve perfection. If human beings want to get out of the darkness and return to the right path, they need to be rationally guided to understand the sins committed by human beings, undergo various trials (traveling in hell), purify all kinds of sins, and correct their mistakes (traveling in purgatory). 

Purify from above, and then under the guidance of theology and faith, we must understand the highest truth and reach the state of supreme beauty (heaven). What Dante pointed out to us is an "inner holy road" of moral self-improvement.

3. Shakespeare and "Hamlet"


Shakespeare was a great playwright and poet during the European Renaissance and has a special place in the history of European literature. He is the author of 37 plays, 2 long poems, and 154 sonnets. 

Especially the four major tragedies, namely "Hamlet", "Othello", "King Lear" and "Macbeth" are representative works. Marx called it "the greatest drama genius of mankind." 

"Hamlet" represents the highest achievement of Shakespeare's art
  • First, in terms of structure, "Hamlet" highlights the vividness and richness of Shakespeare's plot. 
  • Second, in terms of character creation, "Hamlet" focuses on revealing the depth of the characters through the description of inner contradictions and conflicts. 
  • Thirdly, in terms of language, Shakespeare showed the style of a master. He integrated the rhymeless poetry style with prose, rhyming verses, and lyric ballads. 

4. Cervantes and "Don Quixote"

Cervantes is the most outstanding writer of the Spanish Renaissance, and his masterpiece is "Don Quixote". He described the adventures of Don Quixote and his servant, Sancho, in the style of knight novels and achieved the purpose of satirizing the knight system and knight literature.


The outstanding achievement of "Don Quixote" is the creation of Don Quixote, a unique character with a complex and contradictory character. He is ridiculous and sad, Coke and respectable. In him, comedy and tragedy are wonderfully combined. together. 

On the one hand, he is obsessed with fantasy, everything is subjective, his behavior is absurd and reckless, and will not learn lessons; on the other hand, what he does is pursue a lofty principle, and he must be a chivalrous man. A knight must protect the strong and support the weak, uphold justice, work hard for this, and have a spirit of self-sacrifice. 

Although he is pursuing and defending the truth subjectively, what he pursues is the "chivalry" that is divorced from reality and has long been outdated, so he is destined to only run into a wall and harm others and himself. The author also successfully used contrast.

5. Molière and "Tartuffe"

Molière was the founder and representative of French classic comedy in the seventeenth century. He brought European comedy to the level of true modern drama. "Tartuffe" is his masterpiece.


"Tartuffe" portrays a typical image of a hypocrite, Dardouf. He is a religious liar who deceived the trust of the wealthy businessman Orgong and his mother by pretending and then proceeded to commit crimes step by step. In the end, the disguise was exposed, revealing his hideous face and ugly soul, and was punished. 

Through this image, Molière deeply exposed the hypocrisy, viciousness, shamelessness, and greed of the church and aristocratic upper class, and prominently criticized the deceptive and harmful nature of religious hypocrisy. In art, Molière not only followed the "three-in-one rule", but also broke through it, and achieved high achievements.

6. Goethe and "The Troubles of Young Werther"

Goethe is an outstanding representative of German enlightenment writers in the 18th century, a great German poet, playwright, and thinker. His creation brought German literature into the advanced ranks of world literature and had a huge impact on world literature. Representative as "Faust" and "The Troubles of Young Werther".

"The Troubles of Young Werther" is a letter-style novel, that describes the ups and downs of the protagonist Werther's emotions, and truly and detailedly shows the changes in Werther's thoughts and feelings in lyric and argumentation. 

Describes Werther’s pain, longing, and despair with a strong poetic flavor and spurting passion, placing his personal love misfortune in a wide range of social backgrounds, exposing and exposing the feudal hierarchical prejudice, selfishness, and conservativeness of the petty citizens, etc. 

Critically and enthusiastically promoted personality liberation and emotional freedom. The novel also bravely shouted out the voice of the young people of that era who demanded to get rid of feudal shackles, establish equal interpersonal relationships, and realize the value of life.

7. Hugo and "Notre Dame de Paris"

Hugo is the standard-bearer of French romanticism. His creations and theories laid the foundation for the development of French romantic literature and pushed romantic literature to a new peak. 

His works reflect a profile of the development of French society in the 19th century. The main works include "Notre Dame de Paris", "Les Miserables", "1993" and so on.


In the book "Les Miserables", Hugo demonstrates the cruel reality of capitalist society enslaving the working people and compelling prostitution with outstanding artistic charm. Hugo’s handed-down work has created a long history that reflects modern French social and political life. 

The book spans nearly half a century. The combination of personal destiny and historical themes, majestic and magnificent, fully reflects Hugo's narrative talents. In terms of richness, depth, and complexity in content, it undoubtedly ranks first among Hugo's numerous works.

Reading "Les Miserables" seriously for the third time, the book is often read and new. The first time I read it is still small, it mainly depends on the plot. I like to imagine myself as a character in the story. 

I imagine myself holding Cosette through the streets like Jean Valjean to avoid Javert’s pursuit, or hiding in the dark corner of Luxembourg Garden like Marius to catch my sweetheart. Light. 

In the second reading, I mainly want to read the part of the book about revolution—from the turmoil of 1793 to the Paris riots of 1832—for historical review. Although history is still poorly understood, Jean Valjean has become the image of a saint in my heart alongside Xiao Feng. 

I read it this time because I wanted to watch a movie, so I read it again. This time I tried my best to use my own heart to get close to the characters in the book, close to their hearts, to experience Jean Valjean’s anger, and to perceive Javert’s struggle. 

There is a classic that makes people entangled because no one is guilty but suffers all the hardships, who is to blame? No one is blamed, but everyone is blamed.


"Notre Dame de Paris" is Hugo's first large-scale romantic novel. It narrates a story that happened in 15th-century France with a bizarre concept. Portrayed several distinctive characters. 

The novel exposes the hypocrisy of religion, declares the bankruptcy of asceticism, praises the kindness, friendship, and self-sacrifice of the working people of the lower classes, and reflects Hugo's humanitarianism. 

This work shows the typical characteristics of romanticism, that is, the bizarre and tortuous plot, rich imagination, exaggeration and the use of "the principle of contrast between beauty and ugliness", and strong emotional color.

8. Stendhal and "Red and Black"

Stendhal was an outstanding French author of critical realism in the nineteenth century. The masterpiece "Red and Black" created a precedent for later generations of "stream-of-consciousness novels" and "psychological novels".


"Red and Black" successfully shaped this typical image of Julien. Julien is the artistic model of the petty-bourgeois youth who appeared during the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty. A strong self-awareness is a core and deep content of his character. 

Under the influence of external forces from the environment, this self-consciousness gave birth to the concept of freedom and equality. Rebellious consciousness and strong personal ambition. Julien's life struggles spurred political enthusiasm for freedom and equality, and he was also full of egoistic desires for personal happiness. 

He not only embodies the spirit of the era of French society where heroism survived after the Great Revolution but also projects Stendhal's own life experience and psychological desires. 

The spirit of anti-oppression, seeking freedom, and firm pursuit of self-life value demonstrated by him embodies a kind of universal survival needs of people and therefore has symbolic significance. Detail Book Reviews

9. Balzac

Balzac is one of the most outstanding writers of realism in the 19th century and a great novelist recognized in the world. His and Leo Tolstoy's creations constituted the two peaks of European and American realist literature in the 19th century.

Balzac's "The Human Comedy" is a monument in the history of literature. It contains 91 works and more than two thousand characters. He divided "Human Comedy" into three categories: "custom research", "philosophical research", and "analytic research". 

Among them, "Custom Research" mainly describes contemporary French society and has the richest connotation. The writer divides it into six scenes: private life scenes, provincial life scenes, Paris life scenes, political life scenes, military life scenes, and rural life scenes. 

This is an "encyclopedia" style work, an all-encompassing history of social customs. Artfully embodies the characteristics of realism, especially in shaping "typical characters in typical environments".

10. Charles Dickens

Dickens is an outstanding novelist of critical realism literature in the 19th century in England. He has created a rich life, including 15 novels, more than 20 novellas, hundreds of short stories and essays, an essay, two novels, and a large number of letters. 


The author "David Copperfield" is the most famous novel by Charles Dickens, a very famous British writer. The life's joys and sorrows of the protagonist David, reveal the true face of society at that time on multiple levels and highlight the corrosive effect of money on marriage, family, and society. 

The formation of the series of tragedies in the novel is all caused by money. Modesto lied to marry David's mother to covet her property; Emily's elopement was the temptation of not being able to withstand money; the pain of the Wakefield family and the despair of Haimu were all the consequences of money. 

The despicable man Shipp also fell into the next step under the temptation of money and ended up shamelessly in life imprisonment. Dickens exposed the evil of money from humanitarian thoughts, thus unveiling the beautiful curtain of "Victoria's Flourishing Age" and revealing the hidden social truth behind it.

This is the favorite of the three Dickens novels I've read. Each character is very full and completely different, and the ending is in line with the identity. Of course, this book is so thick! The heroine is no longer just a kind and beautiful porcelain doll, she is more intelligent, wise, and courageous, and loves Ennis so much. 

I didn't pay attention when I was reading. After reading the preface, I felt my aunt's teaching "Never be humble, never hypocritical, never cruel". It can really be a motto for standing up and acting alone!

"A Tale of Two Cities" is a historical novel, and the promotion of humanitarianism is the main ideological content of this novel. Almost all the characters in the novel acted toward the ending that Dickens designed to promote the good. 

The main connotation of Dickens’ humanitarian thought is to strive for the return of human nature and the harmonious relationship between people, to show strong protests against the "alienation" of human nature in a capitalist society, and to the kind-hearted and impoverished women, children, and people at the bottom of society. Have great sympathy. 

The main characters in "A Tale of Two Cities", Dr. Mennett, his daughter Lucie, and Calden, who has a crush on Lucie, all embody this idea.

11. Pushkin and the image of "superfluous people"

Pushkin is an important representative of Russian romantic literature and the founder of Russian realist literature. Because of his unparalleled contribution to Russian literature, Pushkin is known as the "Father of Russian Literature" and the "Sun of Russian Poetry". 

The main works include the long poem "Evgeny Onegin", the fairy tale "Novels, Tales, Journeys", the novel "The Captain's Daughter" and so on. 


"Evgeny Onegin" is Pushkin's representative work and a full-length narrative poetic novel. The work created the image of the first redundant man in the history of Russian literature.

The superfluous people are mostly aristocratic youths who want to change society, but only stay in the imaginary stage, without taking action, or in other words, the image of aristocratic youth who are unable to change society. 

The images of superfluous people include Pushkin’s Yevgeny Onegin, Lermontov’s Biqiaolin, Turgenev’s Luoting, Herzen’s Berbatov, and Goncharov’s Oblomov et al.

12. Gogol and "Dead Souls"

Gogol is Russia's most outstanding satire in the first half of the 19th century, the pioneer of satirical literature, and one of the founders of critical realism literature.


"Dead Soul" is the cornerstone of the development of Russian critical realism literature, and it is also the peak of the development of Gogol's realism creation. 

Belinsky highly praised it as "an epoch-making masterpiece in the Russian literary world", "above all the works of Russian literature in the past and now", and "a work of both nationality and high art at the same time." 

In the author's sharp pen, the terrifying reality of all kinds of greedy and ignorant landlords, corrupted and degraded officials, and the tragic situation of the serfs, etc., are fully exposed, thus having a profound ideological content, a clear critical tendency, and a huge artistic power.

13. Dostoevsky and "Crime and Punishment"

Dostoevsky was a novelist who enjoyed a worldwide reputation in Russian literary circles in the 19th century. His creation is extremely complex and contradictory in nature. Realist writers can absorb beneficial nutrition from his creation, while modernist writers regard his works as classics and call him their pioneer and mentor. 

Western literary critics have highly regarded him. His artistic talent cannot be denied even by the revolutionary writer who criticized him most sharply. For example, Gorky, the founder of proletarian revolutionary literature, said that he was "the greatest genius." 

The main works include novelettes such as "Poor Folk", "The Double and The Gambler", "The Landlady", "White Night" and "The Idiot", as well as masterpieces such as "Crime and Punishment", "Bullied and Insulted", "Idiot" and "Brother Karamazov" Wait.


"Crime and Punishment" is the most powerful work of world literature that exposes the cruelty and inhumanity of the capitalist society, and has high artistic achievement. The novel more comprehensively shows the characteristics of Dostoevsky's "portraying the mystery of the depths of the human soul". 

The author always keeps the characters in inextricable contradiction and reveals the characters through the tragic inner conflict of the characters, and at the same time, the author's portrayal of hallucinations, nightmares, and abnormal psychology is also very good. 

In addition, the scenes of this novel change quickly, and the scenes move quickly, containing a wealth of ideological content in a condensed time and space, and the novel's era and political colors are very vivid.

14. Tolstoy

Tolstoy is Russia's greatest writer and one of the most outstanding writers in the history of world literature. Representative works include the novels "War and Peace", "Anna Karenina", and "Resurrection" and the autobiographical novel trilogy "Childhood", "Juvenile" and "Youth". 

Tolstoy’s thought is full of contradictions. This contradiction is a reflection of the intricate contradictions in Russian society. It is the vividness of a noble intellectual with a sense of justice who is sober and confused, struggling and hesitating, crying and depressing in the search for a new life. Portrayal.


"Anna Karenina" is the most important book read by the great Russian writer Leo Tolstoy. The protagonist Anna Karenina in the book is one of the most moving images of women in Russian literature and the most beautiful in the history of world literature. One of the plump female images. 

The novel is composed of two parallel lines: one is Anna’s tragedy in pursuit of love and happiness. She doesn’t love her lifeless bureaucratic husband Karenin at all, and she falls in love with the suave young military officer Volensky at first sight he ran away from home, so Despised by the upper class, they had a relationship crisis with Volinsky, and finally committed suicide in complete despair. 

This exposes the hypocrisy, coldness, and corruption of the Russian upper-class society in the 19th century; the other is that the landlord of the province, Levin, has gone through various ups and downs and finally established a happy family with his beloved aristocratic lady Ji Di, as well as his economic reforms in the face of rural bankruptcy.

Anna was beautiful and full of life before she met her love. After meeting Volensky, she abandoned her son and lost herself. She was worried about love, and finally lost, and finally gave up her life. If love is to make oneself better, then it is beautiful to love, if it is to make oneself ugly, it is evil fate, it is better to give up. At all times, you must remain independent and be a complete yourself.
"This is what I want to say to you. Women---this is a big stumbling block in a man's career. It is difficult to fall in love with a woman and to do a career. It is necessary to avoid obstacles and love one as you want. For women, there is only one way to get married. 

How can I tell you what I think? "Sepkhovskoy, who loves metaphors, said, "Wait a minute, wait a minute, there is it, it's like carrying it on your back I have baggage, but I have to free my hands to work. The only way is to tie the baggage to my back. 

This is marriage. I have this experience when I get married. My hands are freed up all at once. But if I don’t get married With such a burden on your back, you won’t be able to free up one of your hands, and you can’t do anything.”—— Quoted from page 302.

"War and Peace" is Tolstoy's epic novel. The scene is vast and there are many characters, it is called "the greatest novel in the world", and it has achieved extraordinary achievements. This masterpiece vividly described the major historical events and various areas of life in Russian society from 1805 to 1820 with an epic expansive and vigorous momentum. 

The author's large-scale coverage and overall grasp of life, and the full disclosure of the internal connections between individual phenomena and the whole of things, personal destiny, and the surrounding world, give this novel a great ideological and artistic capacity. 

The author's description of the characters is both complicated and full and is often expressed by contrasting artistic methods. The genre is an innovation in the history of Russian literature, and it also surpasses the traditional norms of European novels. 


"Resurrection" is Tolstoy's late masterpiece. Through the encounters of the heroes and heroines, it vividly depicts the true picture of Tsarist society: the courts where the lives of people are stale and the prisons where innocent people are imprisoned; the magnificent churches and the shaggy prisoners; barrenness of The bankrupt countryside and the luxurious Kyoto; the vast Siberia and the handcuffed political prisoners. 

Tolstoy made a fierce attack on the entire state apparatus of the time with the soberest realism. "Resurrection" is very distinctive in art. Tolstoy’s psychological depiction of characters is very famous. He is good at going deep into the hearts of characters and grasping every subtle change in thoughts and feelings. 

He traces the whole process of great changes or drastic changes in the thoughts and feelings of characters and fully displays the characters. The "spiritual dialectics" of changing from one kind of thought and feeling to another kind of thought and feeling is often the opposite. 

Tolstoy's creations generally show the incomparable sincerity of human existence. The deepest part of his works is beating the heart of an upright, selfless, pure, and kind-hearted giant.

15. Romain Rowland and "JEAN-CHRISTOPHE"

Romain Rolland is a French thinker, writer, critical realist writer, music critic, and social activist. Author of the ten-volume novel "JEAN-CHRISTOPHE", biographical "Biography of the Giant" and other works, and won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915. 


"JEAN-CHRISTOPHE" is a magnificent epic. It is an epic describing the journey of the soul, describing in-depth how a strong and determined heart overcomes the cowardly and vile dark side of its own soul, from childishness to maturity; it is also an epic of music, through the protagonist’s understanding of the spirit of music, Extolling a musical concept full of vitality. 

At the same time, the music reflects the fusion and impact of different national spirits and vividly expresses the struggle and passion of the generation in the 20th century, which is a true portrayal of the spirit of the times. It praises such a spirit and belief that light will eventually overcome darkness. Detail Book Reviews

16. Hemingway and "The Old Man and the Sea"

Hemingway is an American novelist and the winner of the 1954 Nobel Prize in Literature. He is an original novelist whose greatest contribution is to create a refined and subtle new prose style, which has had a great influence on European and American writers. Representative works include "The Old Man and the Sea", "The Sun Still Rises", "Farewell, Arms" and so on. 


"The Old Man and the Sea" is a fateful novel. The plot of the novel is extremely simple, but the implications are very profound. The sea and sharks in the novel symbolize the social and natural forces that oppose people. In the desperate struggle with them, the old man has demonstrated unparalleled strength and courage without losing human dignity. 

Although defeated, he is honored and spiritually unmatched. Not beaten. It can be said that such an image perfectly embodies the author's thought that "you can destroy him as much as possible, but you can't defeat him". 

This "tough guy" image has become a representative of Hemingway's heroes, symbolizing the indestructible spiritual power of mankind. The novel won the Pulitzer Prize that year.

17. Sholokhov and "And Quiet Flows the Don"


Sholokhov was an outstanding representative of Soviet literature in the 20th century. He left the world with precious literature such as "Quiet Don River", "New Reclaimed Land" (the old translation " Reclaimed Virgin Land "), and "A Man’s Encounter", etc. heritage. 

In 1965, Sholokhov won the Nobel Prize for Literature for his "artistic power and integrity shown in the Don epic which describes the various historical stages of the Russian people's life".

18. James Joyce

Joyce, is an Irish writer, poet, one of the greatest writers of the 20th century, and one of the founders of postmodern literature. His works and the idea of "stream of consciousness" have had a huge impact on the world's literary world.


His work "Ulysses" is known as the heavenly book, and "Finnegan's Night Watch" is a heavenly book in the heavenly book.

Representative works: "Finnegan's Night Watch" and "Ulysses" 

19. Maxim Gorky and "Childhood"


Maxim GorkyChildhood 
Aleksey Peshkov overcame indigence, violence, and suicidal despair to become Maksim Gorky, one of the most widely read and influential writers of the twentieth century. 

Childhood, the first book in Gorky's acclaimed autobiographical trilogy, depicts his early years when after his father's death he was taken to live in the home of his maternal grandfather, a violent and vindictive man who both provided the child with a rudimentary education and subjected him to savage beatings.

With remarkable freshness and candor, Gorky immerses his reader in a young child's world, recreating in dynamic prose a boy's bewilderment at the senseless cruelty that surrounds him, his solace in the quiet beauty of the natural world, and his often funny, guileless observations of the many vivid characters who enter his early life. 

At the center of this story stands Gorky's grandmother, Akulina Kashirina, one of Russian literature's most remarkable heroines. Her tender love for her grandson serves as a vital antidote to the brutality that threatens to consume him. 

Her buoyant faith in a merciful, loving, but limited God provides the young Gorky with a life-affirming alternative to the vengeful, omniscient deity his grandfather worships ardently.

Although often unsettling in its portrayal of the poverty and ignorance that gripped nineteenth-century Russia, Childhood is ultimately a heartening account of a young boy's formative struggle to overcome the limitations of a decaying and corrupt society, and the remarkable old woman who enabled him to succeed and instilled in him an abiding, fierce compassion for Russia's destitute and defenseless. 

Childhood is freshly and beautifully translated by Graham Hettinger, lauded for his translations of Ivan Bunin.

20. Emily Bronte and "Wuthering Heights"


Emily Bronte - Wuthering Heights, through a love tragedy, shows people a picture of life in a deformed society and outlines the human nature distorted by this abnormal society and various terrible events caused by it. The whole plot of the story is actually unfolded through four stages. 

The first stage describes Heathcliff's childhood life with Catherine day and night, the special feelings formed by an abandoned child and a young lady in this special environment, and their resistance to Hendry's tyranny.

The second stage focuses on Catherine because vanity, ignorance, and ignorance betray Heathcliff, and becomes the mistress of Thrushcross Grange. In the third stage, a lot of words are used to describe how Heathcliff turned his hatred into revenge and revenge in despair. 

In the last stage, although only the death of Heathcliff is explained, it highlights a brand-new change in his mind, the recovery of human nature, when he understands that Hareton and little Catherine love each other, which makes the tragic love with horror reveal the light of hope.

21. Margaret Mitchell and Gone With The Wind


Margaret Mitchell
"Gone with the Wind" is a romantic novel written by Margaret Michelle, a famous American writer. This long-lasting novel has moved countless readers. It's been remade many times into a movie. The film is also known as Gone with the Wind. Through the magnificent scenes of war and the delicate and realistic characters, the novel deduces a touching love story in poetic language.

"Gone with the Wind" is one of the most classic love masterpieces in history. The novel takes the American Civil War as the background, and the mainline is the love and hatred between several men entangled by Scarlett, a strong and willful lady of the manor. 

It is accompanied by major changes in society and history. Everything familiar with the old days will never return It is not only a masterpiece of human love but also, a grand historical picture reflecting great and profound changes in social politics, economy, and morality.

22. Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte


"Jane Eyre" is the representative work of the famous British female writer Charlotte Bronte in the 19th century. It shocked the literary world and became a sensation. It has been a hundred years and has lasted for a long time. 

"Jane Eyre" is a literary work with an autobiographical nature, and is a "poetic life portrayal" of the author Charlotte Bronte. It describes the touching story of the heroine Jane Eyre who dared to fight against the world and bravely pursued her own dignity and love. 

It has deeply affected countless people, especially female friends who pursue independence, equality, and dignity, and regard themselves as themselves, mentors, and helpful friends.

A British woman who has become an orphan since she was a child, constantly pursuing freedom and dignity, persisting in herself, and finally gaining happiness through various trials. 

The novel fascinatingly showcases the ups and downs of the hero and heroine's love experience, praises freedom from all old customs and prejudices, and successfully creates an image of a woman who dares to resist and who dares to fight for freedom and equality. 
"Life is too short for me to hold grudges. In this world, everyone must be at fault. But I believe that one day soon, we will get rid of our corrupt bodies and we will get rid of these faults. Fall and sin will leave us with cumbersome flesh and blood, leaving only the spark of spirit. This is the source of life and thought, just as pure as when it left the Creator and gave life to it. Where it came from and where it went, perhaps it sneaked into a creature higher than human beings; perhaps it passed through various levels of glory, first illuminating the pale soul of human beings, and then illuminating the seraph."—— Quoted from page 56

23Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert 


"Madame Bovary" is the representative work of Flaubert, a French critical realist novelist. It tells the story of Emma, a peasant girl who has received an aristocratic education. She despised her husband Bovary, who was a township doctor and dreamed of legendary love. 

However, her two cheating did not bring her happiness but made her a target of exploitation by loan sharks. In the end, she accumulated debts and desperately had no choice but to take poison and commit suicide. With a seemingly indifferent attitude, Flaubert very "objectively" revealed the causes and consequences that led to this tragedy, and stated the responsibilities that society cannot shirk.

Sure enough, it is a master classic, which pales in comparison to what I have read in the past few months. This English translation is quite good. The language is exquisite, the characters are vivid and lifelike, the poor and pathetic Bovary couple, the ruthless and greedy people of all kinds of hypocrisy! 

I was holding my breath and watching Emma step by step towards the abyss, full of the powerless feeling that I wanted to reach out and hold on to. I suddenly felt that most of us ordinary people actually live with a Bovary couple in our hearts. They are at ease in their mediocrity and in the dunny world that is not reconciled to boredom. Isn't it the way we are cautiously moving forward in our lives?

24. Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe


This book can be said to be a well-known world-famous book. This book mainly tells the story of a person who survived a shipwreck on an uninhabited island and how to spend a long time. This book tells us not to give up hope at any time, and reasonably allocate and use the resources we have. What are world-famous books? This book was well-collected at that time. 

No matter from which point of view, this book has the greatest impact on me. I finished reading this book when I was very young. The kind described in the book was a poor man who was once young but was manipulated by fate under the background of the sailing era. 

Not only did he not die in a strange shipwreck. Or the barbaric natives attacked, instead of relying only on their own hands to build a small kingdom. He is struggling desperately! He didn't want to easily surrender to God's arrangement without a fight. 

He worked hard every day to write a diary, teach the parrots to speak, and worked tirelessly to make his own farm. . . Is it just to survive? He can't forget to read the Bible every day, nor can he forget that he is a Christian.

25. The Lady of the Camellias by Alexandre Dumas fils


La Traviata is of course one of the world’s masterpieces. “La Traviata” is a novel created by the French writer Alexandre Dumas, and it is also his masterpiece. The story tells a tortuous and sad love story between a young man and a socialist in Parisian high society. 

Through the love tragedy of a prostitute, the work exposes the corrupt life of the upper class of the French July dynasty. A bloody and tearful complaint was made against the hypocritical morality of the aristocratic bourgeoisie. This is the first time in the history of French literature that a prostitute is a protagonist. 

The novel can be summed up in one sentence, "A prostitute fell in love with a person and left him for his happiness, and finally died of illness and loneliness", but in the process of reading, I can really feel the heartache of La Traviata!

26. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen


The novel describes the daughter of Bennet, the young squire, who is among the five boudoirs. The protagonist is the second daughter Elizabeth. She met Darcy at the ball, but she heard that he was arrogant and always rejected him. After some setbacks, Elizabeth lifted her prejudice against Darcy, Darcy also let go of her arrogance, and the lover finally married. 

This work uses daily life as the material and uses the content of the sentimental novels popular in society at that time and the pretentious writing method. It vividly reflects the conservative and occlusive life in the English villages and towns from the end of the 18th century to the beginning of the 19th century. It has been adapted into movies and TV series many times. 

It turned out to be such arrogance and prejudice. There is always a sense of familiarity when reading books, ah, Elizabeth’s mother has existed in my life, and so has Lydia. People like them only look in front of them and only look at themselves. They don’t care about ethics and morals. 

There are also gentle people like the eldest sister, Bentley's sister-in-law, and Bentley's brother-in-law, snobbery, who all exist. Because of the beauty of the mother, the father had a fantasy of marrying, and he knew his nature for a year, but he could not change the marriage, so he had no choice but to treat him with cynicism. 

This kind of thing is also very common nowadays. As for Elizabeth's prejudice against Darcy, which leads to bias in seeing people, this should also be true. But because of their love, they corrected the fallacies caused by prejudice and arrogance, but I didn't have the chance to get the experience of correction.

27. Berkshire Hathaway Letters to Shareholders

Berkshire Hathaway Letters to Shareholders

Warren E. Buffett first took control of Berkshire Hathaway Inc., a small textile company, in April 1965. A share changed hands for around $18 at the time. 

Forty-eight letters to shareholders later, the same share traded for $134,060, compounding investor capital at just under 21% per year -- a multiplier of 7,448 times.

This book compiles the full, unedited versions of every one of Warren Buffett's letters to the shareholders from 1965 to 2012 (706 pages), including 1965-1976 letters not available on Berkshire's website. 

In addition to providing an astounding case study on Berkshire's success, Buffett shows an incredible willingness to share his methods and act as a teacher to his many students.

There are hundreds of books about Buffett's life, advice, and methods. These are his actual letters -- word for word -- a "lesson plan" of his views on business and investing. 

You can find most of the letters for free on Berkshire's website, but this compiles them into a well-designed, easily readable format.

A few points of interest
  • The float of an insurance company is a leverage with almost no cost. 
  • After the acquisition of the company, more reasonable performance incentives can be formulated for managers, and managers can set their business goals in the long term without worrying about stock price fluctuations. 
  • The product pricing of insurance companies also follows the optimal long-term return rather than the minimum fluctuation. 
  • The stocks you hold need to have excellent managers
  • Recognize your own ability range (pricing range), and always consider risks and benefits when making pricing decisions 
  • Buy companies that are resistant to inflation and have high ROE
Related ReadingBooks by Author 

28. Rational Ritual by Michael Suk-Young Chwe

Rational Ritual by Michael Suk-Young Chwe

I recently finished listening to the book, “Rational Ritual: Culture, Coordination, and Common Knowledge” by Prof. Michael Chwe, on Audible. 

Overall, I think this is a great book on using rational choice theory (specifically, common knowledge) to explain cultural phenomena (i.e., ritual).

The core idea is to use common knowledge to understand rituals. Common knowledge of p is defined as follows: a group of agents knows that they know about p, and they all know that they know p, and they all know that they know p, and so on ad infinitum. 

The author interprets ritual as a device to create common knowledge and thus can assist the group in solving coordination problems. 

The author also notes that the contents of the ritual are important. Usually, rituals involve repetitive and simple information, such feature helps generate common knowledge. 

The author uses this framework to explain firms’ marketing strategy, the formation of national identity, etc.

Overall, the book provides a powerful framework to connect common knowledge to cultural phenomena. 

In the present-day context, it is useful to apply this framework to understand people’s behaviors on social media.

Zuckerberg believes that this book can help readers learn how to best use social media.

Zuckerberg said: "This book talks about the concept of common sense and also talks about how people deal with problems not only through personal knowledge but also through what we know other people know and share knowledge."

29. Cell by Robin Cook

George Wilson, M.D., a radiology resident in Los Angeles, is about to enter a profession on the brink of an enormous paradigm shift, foreshadowing a vastly different role for doctors everywhere. 

The smartphone is poised to take on a new role in medicine, no longer as a mere medical app but rather as a fully customizable personal physician capable of diagnosing and treating even better than the real thing. It is called iDoc.

George’s initial collision with this incredible innovation is devastating. He awakens one morning to find his fiancée dead in bed alongside him, not long after she participated in an iDoc beta test. Then several of his patients die after undergoing imaging procedures. All of them had been part of the same beta test.

Is it possible that iDoc is being subverted by hackers—and that the U.S. government is involved in a cover-up? Despite threats to both his career and his freedom, George relentlessly seeks the truth, knowing that if he’s right, the consequences could be lethal.

30. The Ocean at the End of the Lane by Neil Gaiman

Returning to his childhood home to attend a funeral, a middle-aged man is drawn back to a place once alive with monsters and magic; to a past where the impossible is all too frighteningly real . . .

A haunting meditation on memory, wonder, friendship, and sacrifice, The Ocean at the End of the Lane, which was named “Book of the Year” by the UK National Book Awards, is a groundbreaking triumph of storytelling as delicate as a butterfly’s wing and as menacing as a knife in the dark.

31. How to Avoid a Climate Disaster by Bill Gates

Bill Gates has spent a decade investigating the causes and effects of climate change. With the help of experts in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, political science, and finance, he has focused on what must be done in order to stop the planet's slide to certain environmental disasters. 

In this book, he not only explains why we need to work toward net-zero emissions of greenhouse gases but also details what we need to do to achieve this profoundly important goal.

He gives us a clear-eyed description of the challenges we face. Drawing on his understanding of innovation and what it takes to get new ideas into the market, he describes the areas in which technology is already helping to reduce emissions, where and how the current technology can be made to function more effectively, where breakthrough technologies are needed, and who is working on these essential innovations. 

Finally, he lays out a concrete, practical plan for achieving the goal of zero emissions—suggesting not only policies that governments should adopt, but what we as individuals can do to keep our government, our employers, and ourselves accountable in this crucial enterprise.

As Bill Gates makes clear, achieving zero emissions will not be simple or easy to do, but if we follow the plan he sets out here, it is a goal firmly within our reach.

Related Reading: 

32. Poor Charlie's Almanack by Charles T. Munger

He is really a very wise old man. What is rare is that he is willing to pass on and explain his life wisdom to others. 

However, he sometimes made indirect remarks and sometimes said the truth, and some speeches were not easy to understand after reading them twice. 

However, even a little gain from reading a book is worth the money, not to mention learning more than a little from it.

Excerpt some very inspiring words and some very useful knowledge for me:

Mistakes that everyone makes:
  1. Overestimating data-supported materials.
  2. Doesn't take into account all the potentially more important material that is difficult to weigh.
We read a lot. I don't know of a smart person who doesn't read a lot, but that's not enough: you have to have the ability to grasp ideas and act intelligently.

How can one follow in his footsteps? Try to wake up every day a little smarter than before, piously and excellently perform your duties, and take one step at a time, no need to run too fast. 

But you wish you could run faster. Fight hard every time, every day. In the end, most people will get what they deserve if they live long enough.

There will be challenges at every stage of life, and I think there are three things that will help you meet these challenges: 
  1. Keep expectations low 
  2. Have a good sense of humor 
  3. Psychological Misjudgment Tendencies
Related ReadingBooks by Author 

33. Norwegian Wood by Haruki Murakami

When I opened "Norwegian Wood" for the first time, I was immediately led into a slightly sentimental youthful charm by it. 

The plot of the novel is flat, the tone is slow, and the tone is light, but there is an irresistible shock wave surging between the lines, which arouses strong tremors and resonance in my heart. 

Reading "Norwegian Wood" can start from anywhere, and every time I open it, it will bring me spiritual rest and artistic infection. 

For ten years, I have been addicted to it, and I can't extricate myself every time. How many times have I asked myself, why is this? 

Regarding this book, I like to repeatedly explore the lonely human nature in this simple plot, and I think of the moments when I felt the "Norwegian forest" countless times in my youth. 

Honorable Mentions: Most popular books of all time

When it comes to the most popular books of all time, there are a few titles that immediately come to mind. These books have stood the test of time and continue to be read, loved, and studied by people of all ages and backgrounds. 

Some of the most popular books of all time include:

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