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Hamlet by William Shakespeare: Book Review, Summary and Analysis

Explore the timeless tragedy of Hamlet by William Shakespeare with our comprehensive book review, insightful summary, and in-depth analysis.
Welcome to an insightful journey through the world of 'Hamlet by William Shakespeare - Review, Summary, and Analysis,' written by Muhiuddin Alam on the book recommendations and reviews site,
Over the years as a leading authority on literary expertise, I've created numerous book reviews, many of which can be found on this site.

I have received many requests to review the book Hamlet which was written by William Shakespeare'. In response, I'm pleased to offer my expert Reviews, Summary, and Analysis in this article.

"Hamlet" is a representative work in Shakespeare's tragedy, which was created in 1602. The ideological content has reached an unprecedented depth and breadth and profoundly reveals the evil and essential characteristics of the society at the end of feudalism. 

Plots such as the father and the king being killed by the evil uncle, the throne being usurped, the mother's queen and the murderer marrying incestuously, and the crown prince trying to get revenge and pretending to be mad and stupid can be seen in ancient Nordic legends. 

Shakespeare belongs not only to one era but to all centuries. His plays are like the Big Dipper in the brilliant starry sky, guiding people the way. "Survival or destruction, this is a question worth considering" He put forward that this question is the basic proposition of philosophy.

Each edition includes Freshly edited text based on the best early printed version of the play Full explanatory notes conveniently placed on pages facing the text of the play Scene-by-scene plot summaries a key to famous lines and phrases. An introduction to reading Shakespeare's language. 

An essay by an outstanding scholar providing a modern perspective on the play Illustrations from the Folger Shakespeare Library's vast holdings of rare books Essay by Michael Neill The Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington, DC, is home to the world's largest collection of Shakespeare's printed works, and a magnet for Shakespeare scholars from around the globe. 

In addition to exhibitions open to the public throughout the year, the Folger offers a full calendar of performances and programs. 

Book: Hamlet Written by William Shakespeare

The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet, is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare sometime between 1599 and 1601. It is Shakespeare's longest play, with 29,551 words. Wikipedia
    • Characters: Ophelia, Claudius, Polonius, Laertes, Horatio, Gertrude, MORE
    • Original language: Early Modern English
    • Genre: Shakespearean tragedy, Drama
    • Setting: Denmark

Who is Hamlet

Hamlet is the protagonist in Shakespeare's tragedy "Hamlet".

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, is an idealist and perfectionist. The death of the father, the marriage of the mother to the uncle, and the ghost of the father telling Hamlet that he was killed by Claudius. 

Hamlet's outlook on life has changed, and his personality has become complicated and suspicious. In the end, Hamlet dies for justice in order to avenge his father, which is regrettable and regrettable.

"Hamlet" Synopsis

"Hamlet", also known as "The Prince's Revenge", "Hamlet", "Macbeth", "King Lear" and "Othello" are called Shakespeare's "four tragedies". "Hamlet" is the longest play among Shakespeare's plays, and it is also the most prestigious play. 

It has profound tragic significance and represents the highest achievement of Western Renaissance literature. The "to be or not to be" said by Hamlet in the play is even more classic among the classics.

Why Hamlet is a Masterpiece

"Hamlet" deserves to be a masterpiece, it can be a magical work, or it can be a work created by God. To put it simply, this work has been widely circulated in the world today, and it has been touched on in various fields of Western culture. If you want to learn Western culture, "Hamlet" is definitely a classic work. 

Everyone in the West Thinkers should study this book in depth because, in this book, the ideas or ideas that they want to convey are not accepted by everyone.

For example, in "Hamlet" in the book, don't be attached to your mother. From the perspective of modern people, this kind of behavior may be more or less understandable, but when Shakespeare wrote this book, if he had such an idea, it was absolutely detached. of. 

This does not belong to the simple love between men and women that we usually call, because "Hamlet" is too attached to his mother, which makes "Hamlet" become hesitant, hesitant, and even weak.

Even though later generations have remade the book "Hamlet" into a movie, the details described in the book have not been fully shown in the video. 

Reading the original work is the greatest respect for the author. Since Shakespeare was able to create such a work, his thoughts must surpass others and be more open.

What exactly does Hamlet want to reflect?

Many people read "Hamlet" but didn't really understand it, and didn't understand what the book wanted to express. It will be easier if you look at the writing background. 

When Shakespeare wrote this book, he was in the Renaissance period. What he wanted to express was the rampant bourgeoisie and the chaotic and dark age in England at that time. Relics of history.

About the Author: William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (April 23, 1564-April 23, 1616) was a great dramatist and poet during the European Renaissance. He was born in a small merchant family in Strasford-upon-Erwen, England. In 1587, Shakespeare left his hometown and went to London. 

At first, he worked as a horse guard for the theater and did chores in other houses, and later became an actor. Just play in the beginning. In 1593, Shakespeare's first long poem, Venus and Adonis, was published.

William Shakespeare is the most outstanding dramatist in the history of English literature, the most important and greatest writer of the European Renaissance, the master of humanist literature at that time, and the most outstanding literature in the world Home.

Born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway at the age of 18, with whom they had three children: Susannah and twins Hamnet and Judith. 

For more than 20 years from the end of the 16th century to the beginning of the 17th century, Shakespeare started a successful career in London. 

He was not only an actor and a playwright, but also one of the partners of the Chamberlain's Theater Company, which was later renamed the King's Theater Company. Shakespeare retired to Stratford-upon-Avon around 1613, where he died three years later.

The period from 1590 to 1600 was the golden age of Shakespeare's writing. His early plays were mainly comedies and historical plays, which reached their peak of depth and artistry in the late 16th century. 

From 1601 to 1608, he mainly wrote tragedies. Shakespeare advocated noble sentiments and often described sacrifice and revenge, including "Othello", "Hamlet", "King Lear" and "Macbeth", which are considered to be among the best examples in English. In the last period of his life, he began to write tragicomedies, also known as romantic dramas.

Shakespeare's handed-down works include 37 plays, 154 sonnets, and two long narrative poems. His plays have been translated into every major language and performed more often than any other playwright.

Excerpts from the original text: Hamlet

Hamlet: Survival or destruction, this is a question worth considering; silently endure the tyrannical poisonous arrow of fate, or stand up against the boundless suffering of the world, sweep them away through struggle, these two behaviors, which one Kind of nobler? Dead, asleep, everything is over; if in this kind of sleep, our heart hurts, as well as countless other unavoidable blows of flesh and blood, can disappear from now on, that is the end we can't hope for. Dead, asleep; maybe still dreaming when asleep; well, the obstacle is here: because when we get rid of this rotten skin, what dreams will we have in that dead sleep, 

That must make us hesitate. People are willing to be in trouble for a long time, that is, for one reason; who wants to endure the flogging and ridicule of the world, the humiliation of the oppressor, the cold eye of the arrogant, the pain of contemptuous love, the delay of the law, the abuse and expense of officials 

The contempt of the villain, who has earned his hard work, would he be able to reckon his own life with just a small knife? Who wants to bear such a heavy burden, moaning and sweating under the oppression of the tiresome life, if it is not because of fear of the unknowable death, fear of the mysterious country that never has a traveler back, it deceives our will, So that we would rather endure the present torture than dare to fly to the pain we don't know? 

In this way, a lot of worries have turned us all into cowards. The red-hot brilliance of determination is covered with a layer of gray by prudent thinking. Under this kind of consideration, great careers will also retreat against the current and be lost. The meaning of action. Wait a minute! Beautiful Ophelia! -Goddess, in your prayers, don't forget to confess my sins for me.—— Quoted from page 93

Introduction to the Story of Hamlet

"Hamlet" describes the Danish prince Hamlet's revenge for his father. When the prince was studying in Germany, his father was killed by his younger brother Claudius. The murderer covered up the truth, usurped the throne, and married the king's wife; Hamlet worked hard to understand the truth in the play. 

But he fell into the metaphysical thinking of "to be or not to be", and gave up the chance of revenge. As a result, Claudius counterattacked, and he could only parry. In the sword competition, Hamlet finally awakened and bravely stabbed his enemy to death; at the same time, he was also poisoned and martyred.

"Hamlet" is a tragic work written by English playwright William Shakespeare between 1599 and 1602. The play tells that Uncle Claudius murdered Hamlet's father, usurped the throne, and married the king's widow Gertrude; Prince Hamlet avenged his uncle for his father.

"Hamlet" is the longest play among all Shakespeare's plays, and it is also Shakespeare's most famous play. It has profound tragic significance, complex characters, and rich and perfect tragic art techniques, and represents the whole of Western Renaissance literature. highest achievement. Together with "Macbeth", "King Lear" and "Othello", they form Shakespeare's "four tragedies".

"Hamlet" is Shakespeare's most famous play, and it is also the earliest, most complex, and longest of his four tragedies. In the three acts and one scene of the play, Hamlet has a monologue, which is popular both in the original text and in translation.

"Hamlet" is known as one of the four great masterpieces in Europe. Since its inception, it has been adapted many times into stage plays, operas, film and television, and other works.

William Shakespeare was an English Renaissance dramatist and poet, a master of humanist literature in the European Renaissance, and one of the founders of modern European literature. He wrote a total of 37 plays, 154 sonnets, two long poems, and other poems.

What are the main contents of Hamlet?

It mainly describes the story of Prince Hamlet of Denmark avenging his father. When the prince was studying in Germany, his father was killed by his younger brother Claudius. The murderer covered up the truth, usurped the throne, and married the king's wife; Hamlet worked hard to understand the truth in the play.

But he fell into the metaphysical thinking of "to be or not to be", and gave up the chance of revenge. As a result, Claudius counterattacked, and he could only parry. In the sword competition, Hamlet finally awakened and bravely stabbed his enemy to death; at the same time, he was also poisoned and martyred.

" Hamlet " is a tragic work written by English playwright William Shakespeare between 1599 and 1602. The play tells that Uncle Claudius murdered Hamlet's father, usurped the throne, and married the king's widow Gertrude; Prince Hamlet avenged his uncle for his father.

The story happened in Denmark, when Prince Hamlet's father was killed by his uncle, and his uncle married her mother, and he became the king of Denmark. These were a great blow to Prince Hamlet of Denmark. In the past, he lived a carefree life, went to college, practiced swordsmanship with friends, ate, drank, and had fun. But now his life has changed drastically.

The loving father was robbed of his life, and the state power was robbed by his cruel uncle, and her mother remarried. These bad things hit Hamlet all at once, causing him to completely collapse, and even have the idea of ​​suicide. But his fortunes change when Bernardo and Francesco discover a ghost one night on the terrace in front of the castle.

That ghost was the ghost of Hamlet's father. They observed it for two consecutive nights. On the third night, they called Horatio and found the ghost. He was Hamlet's good friend, so he decided to call this ghost Tell Hamlet. On the morning of the fourth day, he told Hamlet about it, and Hamlet was so surprised that he also decided to go and have a look.

He was a little puzzled and half-believed, so that night on the castle terrace, he really saw the ghost, and the ghost waved to him. He rushed like a ghost, and the ghost took him to the corner and told him that his father had been killed by his uncle. Venom poured into his ear.

Now the ghost needs Hamlet to avenge him. After speaking, the ghost disappeared. At this time, Horatio and Bernardo appeared. They promised Hamlet not to tell others what they heard, and then Hamlet told them about the ghost. Then Hamlet begins to prepare for revenge, and his first impression plan is to pretend to be crazy.

Makes everyone look crazy when they see him, and makes others think he is really crazy. At this time, she fell in love with Ophelia, the daughter of a flattering minister Polonius. In order to please the king, Polonius is unwilling to let Hamlet and Ophelia touch each other, so Hamlet is very angry and becomes crazier.

His two very good friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, spent his childhood with Hamlet when he was young, and these two friends, whom he thought were loyal, also fought for the king and money. , honor, betrayed him. Inquire about him for the king, and why he has gone mad. And his mother is constantly testing him. Everyone is against him.

His heart is also very safe and angry. And at this time a pair of theater troupes came and gave Hamlet a wonderful play. Hamlet told them to let them play another play. In it, Hamlet adds some fragments, which are similar to the content of the State Grid killing his father. When watching a play, look at the king's facial expression. If he is a little disturbed, it means he killed him.

He kept thinking about these things, concentrating on how to avenge the king and finally found out that it was he who killed him. After the play in the queen's bedroom, when he was talking with the queen, Polonius was entrusted by the king to hide behind the curtain and eavesdrop on their conversation. 

As a result, Hamlet thought it was the king, so he drew his sword and stabbed into the curtain.

He stabbed Polonez to death with a sword, but after opening the reply, he found out that it was Polonez, and he was very regretful. Then he fled the palace in a hurry. 

Polonez's daughter, Ophelia, went mad when she found out, sang songs without thinking at all, and finally committed suicide by jumping into the river. Her brother, Laertes, was furious when he came back from France and decided to kill Hamlet.

He is united with the king. The triple shackle trick was planned, so that Hamlet could not escape. But when the two of them implemented their plan, a tragedy happened. A poisonous sword was supposed to kill Hamlet, but it killed Hamlet and Laertes. Hamlet. When dying, a sword pierced the king's body.

The queen also drank the poisoned wine originally given to Hamlet and died. Finally, Fortinbras, who came to Danmai, saw the tragedy, took advantage of the fire, and returned Denmark to his territory.

Why is it said that "action" is the most brilliant stroke in Hamlet's life?

In fact, this scene also reflects the characteristics of Hamlet's actions. "To be or not to be" seems to have two options on the surface, but in fact Hamlet has no intention of accepting reality, giving up the mission of revenge, and living in the world. 

He is just uneasy about the unknown afterlife. Then Hamlet realizes that too much "careful thinking" will prevent him from taking decisive action, and again feels uneasy about his delay. That's why he had the behavior of attacking from behind. The second scene of the fifth act concentratedly demonstrates his power of action in contradictions.

This is the climax and the last part of the whole tragedy. First, Hamlet tells his friend Horatio how he saw through Claudius' treachery and returned to Denmark. Then write about his sword match with Laertes and the arrangements for his funeral. 

The biggest feature of Hamlet's character is the delay, but Hamlet is in action in the sword fight. It seems contradictory, but it is in line with the logic of Hamlet's character. Because fighting swords was not a strategy he took on his own initiative, when he accepted the challenge, he completely had the mentality of letting fate arrange it.

Shakespeare's description in this way reflects Hamlet's delayed character more vividly. But no matter how you say it, Hamlet finally dies with his opponent and finally completes his revenge. 

The scene of this last scene is full of horror and tragedy: Hamlet, Claudius, the queen, and Laertes all die one by one, and Polonius, Ophelia, Rosenger, etc. Lands and Guildenstern, together with the old king, made a total of nine fatalities. 

It can be said that at the end of the tragedy, Hamlet finally overcomes the fear of death and bravely sends out a final blow to evil. He is finally destroyed by evil, but he uses his actions to tell the world that the spirit of humanism The brilliant brilliance of the spirit and ideal also makes this work have a distinct critical significance.

What enlightenment significance does Hamlet's tragedy have?

The significance of the tragedy of Hamlet's image lies in From a positive perspective, his struggle reflects the historical progress of the uncompromising struggle between the humanist thinkers of the Renaissance and the declining feudal forces and is the product of the inevitable requirement of historical development.

From the perspective of summarizing experience and lessons, his tragedy stems from two aspects: First, the era he lived in was an era when feudal forces were still very strong, and the object of his struggle was the entire official court represented by Claudius. 

Hamlet uses his personal strength to compete with this powerful evil force, and a tragic fate is inevitable. In addition, as a bourgeois humanist, he doesn't believe in the masses and believes that only "poor me" can "reset the world", has been fighting alone, and in the end, he can only die with hatred. 

Secondly, the tragedy of Hamlet is also the result of the limitations of humanists' understanding of human beings under the new historical conditions at that time. He clings to the ideal of "human" in the early Renaissance, and cannot adapt to the reality that people have changed in the new historical environment. 

He uses abstract anthropological theories to solve practical problems, and tragedy is inevitable. Therefore, the tragedy of Hamlet is the tragedy of the later humanists, and also the tragedy of the anthropological theory of a specific era in the late Renaissance

Hamlet Book Summary and Analysis 

I only finished reading the first Shakespeare at the age of 25. I like it, and I love it so much. Matt Hager said: "Listen to what Hamlet, the most famous depression patient in literary works, said to Rosenkranz and Guildenstern: ' There is no good and evil in the world, but thoughts." 

I have been copying while reading, I was overwhelmed by Shakespeare's Three Views, and I also love Hamlet's purity and faith. It turns out that the classics are that no matter how many years have passed, you can read the truth between people and the world in the real world. 

The classics always keep you from being alone. There is also the abandonment of the country, the imperial power, how many tragedies are caused by the family, and how many tragedies are caused by the parents of ineffective people.

A great epic sung by the human heart, a wonderful mixture of the sublime and the base, the terrible and the ridiculous, the hero and the buffoon, completed in 1601, "Hamlet", is the giant of the Renaissance - the highest achievement of Shakespeare's drama creation.

Hamlet is an extremely successful artistic image, he is as real as each of us but greater than us. Hamlet is always a hero in my mind, a hero full of tragic beauty.

Tragedy has a profound beauty. The significance of tragedy is that it is not just to win people a drop of sympathetic tears, but to arouse people's serious thinking about the meaning of life through the whole process of tragedy's birth, development, and ending. 

Shakespeare's artistic image of Hamlet and its character characteristics follow the characteristics of tragic art so that the shaping of Hamlet has achieved great success.

In the immortal play "Hamlet", there are always a series of fierce conflicts between good and evil. As the main character of the play, Hamlet's fate is inevitably in the vortex of this fierce conflict. 

As a prince, Hamlet was shaped by Shakespeare as a model of the beauty of life. He is young, handsome, resolute, and brave, loves his country, his father and queen, and has a beloved lover Ophelia. It can be said that his life I am in the best moment of my life. 

However, this beautiful time of life disappeared in an instant. What kind of environment was he in? We saw that the Danish court was in chaos at that time, the old king died strangely, and the queen remarried the new king. 

The hostile army from abroad, the anger and rage at home, while the palace was drinking and having fun all night long, all cast a huge shadow on Hamlet's young and beautiful life, which made him depressed, thinking that the world is just "" A barren garden, overgrown with vicious weeds", these have injected tragedy into the prince's young life.

With the appearance of the ghost of the old king, the reveal of the inside story of the palace, and the exposure of the murder, the fire in the prince's heart was ignited, and the curtain of the tragedy was drawn... 

Facing the sinister and treacherous new king, Hamlet embarked on a solitary revenge: For revenge, he accidentally killed his lover's father; for revenge, he pretended to be crazy and lost his beloved lover; for revenge, he spoke coldly to his weak mother; for revenge, he endured the pain of losing his friendship. 

Finally, in a bloody court duel, although he killed the sinister and cunning new king, his own life also ended in this "prison" court.

However, in the face of the powerful feudal forces represented by the sinister and treacherous new king, as a bourgeois humanist, he always regards this cause as closely connected with the people as his personal hatred and fights alone. 

Therefore, his Tragedy is not only the tragedy of the conflict between truth, goodness beauty, and evil forces but also the tragedy of a humanist era.

The power and thought given to me by the masterpiece "Hamlet" are huge and infinite.

Hamlet's Book Review

's plot of "Hamlet" seems to be summed up in one word: people are stifled by excessive thinking and actions that should be done. Hamlet, the proud man of the world's attention, wanders between the vigor of action and the delayed reason from beginning to end and finally ends his life due to sudden changes. 

As the loser of this world action, Hamlet's meditation is undoubtedly out of date. However, this "untimely meditation" is precisely related to the immutable existence and meaning of mankind. First of all, to survive or to destroy? 

Secondly, if it exists, it means taking action. What is the meaning of action? The mystery of Hamlet's unsuccessful pursuit of existence is also the key to the interpretation of the dramatic text of "Hamlet".

There have always been controversies as to whether "Hamlet" lacks the "thymos" (Thymos) in the classical sense. Obviously, Hamlet's tragedy stems from his lack of action, and his blood is the basis on which the action of "revenge" relies. It is worth noting that one-sided accusations often lack a detailed understanding of the whole play of "Hamlet", thus ignoring Hamlet's complex character traits. 

The blood of the Greek heroes relies fully on their resolute disregard for their own destiny, while the problem that Hamlet faces is much more difficult: on the sensitive human issue of "revenge", humanistic self-confidence has encountered the ghostly Christian culture. Deterrence, the impulse of blood, and the contemplation of the meaning of life compete with each other. 

The tragedy that the Danish prince has fallen into is by no means easy: behind the patriarchal and social responsibility of reorganizing the universe, a certain nihilism and pessimism brought about by insight into everything invades Hamlet, making him in the meaning and limits of his existence. The entanglement between them eventually runs counter to the actions of the world.

Let us ask: Does Hamlet, who is indecisive in the process of revenge, really lack blood?

If we follow a more pertinent opinion and understand the blood energy as a "container of the soul", or as "a person's spiritual feeling for what is right and what brings dignity and honor", then the blood component in Hamlet's traits is obvious. 

Throughout the play, Hamlet’s blood is not only manifested as impulsive emotion or violent temperament but also as the contract and friendship concluded on this basis. The following are examples of several different scenes in "Hamlet".

In the fourth scene of the third act, Hamlet drew his sword and stabbed Polonius to death after the curtain. After discovering that he had killed Ophelia's father by mistake, the tender bond did not arouse him at all. Regretful, he continued to pour out his anger toward his mother. 

This Hercules-like "brute force" of bloody courage makes readers suddenly feel a trace of courage from Hamlet's melancholic image, and the spirit of reading is refreshed, and the sense of pleasure is awe-inspiring.
Hamlet (drawing sword) what! Which rat thief is it? It must be fatal, I will kill you. (Piercing the curtain with a sword)
Polonius (behind) Ah! I'm dead!
Ouch, queen! What have you done?
I don't know Hamlet; isn't that the king?
Queen, what reckless and cruel behavior!
Hamlet's cruel behavior! Good mother, it's as bad as killing a king and marrying his brother.
The queen killed a king!
Hamlet Well, mother, that's exactly what I said. (See Polonius on the drape) Goodbye, you unlucky, careless, nosy fool! ……
—— "Hamlet" Act 3, Act 4, Act 5, Act 1 
when Ophelia is buried, Hamlet is bloody because he can't stand Leotis and shows more grief than his own. Upsurge, expressing his love for Ophelia in the strongest words, even fighting Leotis forcefully. Here, love seems to Hamlet to be a masculine honor, and this honor cannot be shared by another man (even if he is a brother).
Hamlet (coming forward) Which person's heart is loaded with such heavy sadness? Which person's mourning words can stop the planets in the sky in surprise? That's me, Prince Hamlet of Denmark! (Jumps off the tomb) The devil Leotis has grabbed your soul! (Grabbing Hamlet)
Hamlet, you prayed wrongly. Please don't pinch my head and neck; because although I am not an irritable person, it is very dangerous for my fire to break out, so don't annoy me. Let go of your hand!
Hamlet, hey, I'm willing to fight him over this subject until my eyelids stop blinking.
Hamlet, I love Ophelia; the love of forty thousand brothers, combined, is not worth my love for her. What are you willing to do for her?
——In the first scene of the fifth act of "Hamlet"

draws to a close, the power of poison erodes Hamlet, and the philosopher-like friend Hora Xu is determined to go with him. At this time, Hamlet, who was in his dying season, issued a bloody remark, asking Hora Xu to stay in the world and make the truth of the incident known to the world. 

It is worth noting that the focus of this passage is not to exhort friends not to commit suicide but to attach importance to one's own honor and honor. This plot can also further confirm the Roman-style friendship between Hamlet and Horsch.
Hamlet, you are a man, give me the glass! (Compete with Horasch for the glass) Let go! God, give it to me! (Overturning the wine glass in Horasch's hand) God, if no one can expose the truth of this matter, then how much my name will be harmed! If you ever loved me, Then please sacrifice the happiness of heaven for the time being, and stay in this cold world to bear the pain and tell the world my story.
—— "Hamlet" Act 5, Scene 4,
Hamlet's concept of the world is constantly changing. At the beginning of the play, Hamlet appears cynical and emotionally sad in the face of the sudden and dramatic changes; while in the middle part, his thoughts and actions gradually fall into a trough of contradictions, and his speech is delirium, and full of madness; compared to the last scene of the play ( Act 5), marked by his dialogue with the skeleton skull, Hamlet gradually turned to pessimistic and vain fatalism, almost giving up the responsibility of action, and instead of letting it go to the indispensable destiny. 

Even so, the outpouring of Hamlet’s blood has not decayed over time, which seems to be enough to show that blood, as the container of the soul and the foundation of personality, did not die out due to the change in Hamlet’s concept of the world. It bursts out under unexpected occasional circumstances.

What’s interesting is that Hamlet is still unable to implement his revenge in a state of thoughtfulness, but the final revenge is actually when he realizes that he was in Claudius’s poisonous plan, only relying on the courage of blood to make the final blow. 

Circumstances are completed. From this point of view, the success of revenge seems to be the product of a series of hasty and chaotic changes and has nothing to do with all the deliberate meditations that Hamlet had done before. As the ending of "Hamlet", I have to say Has a certain absurd meaning. 

Here, is Shakespeare offering a hint? Although political intent is inseparable from prudent strategy and thinking, its final implementation must rely on blood. On the contrary, excessive contemplation will only destroy the meaning and value of the action.

What Hamlet lacks is definitely not the ability to plan, and judging from the conclusions drawn above, he does not lack "blood spirit" as the basis for revenge. What really restrained Hamlet was actually the habit of contemplation that was infinitely alluring for him. 

Obviously, Hamlet is not a typical king in the medieval sense (the old Hamlet was in contrast), and he was not even a qualified new king (the contrast was Fording Blas), he was overly addicted to The contemplative nature makes him often suppress his own blood, so that he can not impose his will on the entire country or political community. 

Through Hamlet’s thoughts and words, it is not difficult for us to understand his spiritual characteristics as a humanist with extraordinary intelligence in that enthusiastic and chaotic era; at the same time, he has never been able to escape from Christianity. 

The spiritual precepts make it difficult to be autonomous on the question of the soul’s belonging. The vigorous vitality, the contemplative nature, and the underlying Christian complex together constitute Hamlet's multiple character worlds.

Hamlet’s mission is not only the patriarchal responsibility of killing enemies and regaining the throne but also not only the social responsibility of restoring order and reorganizing the world but also the individual facing the loss of various meanings in the world, disillusionment, and disillusionment. 

The profound problem of choosing between actions. Claudius killed his brother and married his sister-in-law and usurped the throne. Hamlet’s vision of the entire ethical world collapsed, and his original humanistic ideals suffered a devastating blow. 

When he saw the truth of the world’s deteriorating world and the abolition of human relations, he could not help but be deeply surprised and sorrowful of the sins brought about by greed and lust in human nature, which triggered his reflection on the issue of human righteousness and made him feel right. 

This "desert garden" and "prison" in the world felt completely disgusted and sad. Therefore, in this void where the meaning of life is all disillusioned, even though Hamlet knows his duty of revenge, he loses the power to act. Instead, he fell into thinking about the ultimate bioethical issues of survival and death, meaning and nihility. 

In the long monologue of "To be or not to be", Hamlet, as a meditator, wanders between survival and destruction so-"It is the poisonous arrow that silently endures the tyranny of fate, or stands up against the world. Ya’s sufferings are cleared through struggle. Which of these two behaviors is nobler?" 
Classical tragic heroes often choose the latter path, resisting the rebellious nature of their own power, and unleashing majesty and euphoria. The brilliance of life. However, Hamlet is not a traditional tragic hero, and the brilliance of his actions has never given him enough temptation. If existence means action, then what is the meaning of action? 

In the face of enthusiasm and chaos, can a small individual really wipe out the haze and reorganize the world? Later generations of nihilists may agree with this view that improving human nature and the appearance of the world is fundamentally lacking in hope. And this pessimistic tone seems to be looming in Hamlet's words.

Another issue that made Hamlet deliberately consider the legality of his own revenge (of course, this issue still involves basic soul and existence issues in the final analysis. When thinking about this issue, Hamlet clearly accepted Christianity's teachings about the soul). 

In Shakespeare's writings, Hamlet, who had accepted the humanistic trend, was originally a charming flower that attracted worldwide attention. However, greed, ugliness, and the abolition of human relationships in the world before him just reflect the indulgence and excessive human righteousness in the development of humanism. crisis. 

Therefore, when he reflected on the contradiction between human righteousness and ethics and fell into thinking about the ultimate issues of life and death, existence and nihility, he inevitably slipped into the Christian outlook on life and ethics to a certain extent. 

First of all, there is a prohibition against revenge in the "Bible", and people cannot act as "the weapon and messenger of God" without authorization; a well-known plot also reflects the influence of religion on Hamlet from another side: when Claudius When confessing alone, Hamlet wanted to take the opportunity, but suddenly thought of the Christian concept of the soul, so he gave up this close revenge (according to the Christian principle, if a person dies in repentance, the soul will get Save and ascend to heaven). 

With Hamlet's attention to the soul, he is undoubtedly deeply troubled by this issue. It can be said that Hamlet's temperance of blood is largely based on his cautious attitude toward religious issues. Because he was too concerned about the situation and destination of the soul, and at the same time could not find true and reliable support for existence outside of God, he had to suppress the impulse and passion for revenge and missed the opportunity to act again and again.

We call Hamlet an anachronistic meditator, or "a man who is indecisive and incapable of action". This is not because of his physical flaws, but because he is indeed far away from the world on the road to exploring the meaning of life. It's too far. 

Hamlet used his own tragedy to raise a number of questions worth pondering-how do people resolve the contradiction between their actions and thinking? Is there an eternal gap between the philosopher and the king? The problem lies not only in the regulation of blood and rationality in the general sense but also involves the questioning of the essence of existence in the modern sense.

The image of Hamlet often reminds me of a person of his time. In my mind, they constitute two wonderful extremes of the same world. When Don Quixote was like a black cloud chased by the wind, whizzing and attacking sheep and windmills, Hamlet was standing alone in the corner of the tower, sending out eternal interrogations about existence and this is probably in the history of literature. 

The two most symbolic pictures of the world. Do you choose to enter the world bravely and move forward with no regrets, or do you want to go your own way and explore the deepest meaning of life? These two choices seem to cost each other, just as Hamlet missed the action and won the reputation of a man of contemplation; Don Quixote never thought, but his feat never made the world shed tears. And the situation of human beings, isn't it precisely between these two noble choices that linger forever?

Reading Notes: Hamlet by William Shakespeare

Polonius: It's still here, Leotis! It's so embarrassing to get on the boat, get on the boat! The wind is on the top of the sail, and everyone is waiting for you. Well, I bless you! There are also a few lessons that I hope you will engrave in your memory: Don't say what you think, and think twice about everything. Be kind to people, but don't be overly amiable. 

A well-known friend should use a steel ring to hoop your soul but don't abuse your friendship with every general new knowledge. Be careful to avoid quarreling with others; but if a dispute has arisen, you should let the other person know that you are not to be insulted lightly. Listen to everyone's opinion, but only express your opinion to a very small number of people; accept everyone's criticism, but retain your own judgment. 

Do your best to buy expensive clothes, but don't show off new and innovative, you must be splendid and not flashy because clothes can often express personality; French celebrities and dignitaries appear to be the noblest and unique in this regard. Don't tell people about loans, and don't lend money to others; because when the debt is released, you will not only lose capital but also lose your friends. 

As a result of telling people about loans, it is easy to develop a habit of laziness. Especially important, you must be faithful to yourself; just as there is the night when there is the day, be faithful to yourself so that you will not deceive others. Goodbye; may my blessing make these words work in your actions!—— Quoted from the words of the father to his son

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