Today's topic is What Are The Best Intellectual Books Everyone Should Read? and What Best Books Can Everyone Should Read To Develop Their Intellectual Level?
Intellectuals: Mental workers with more scientific and cultural knowledge. It is a special social group, but it is not a class or class but belongs to different classes. In our socialist society, the vast majority of intellectuals are part of the working class. With the development of socialist modernization, the role of intellectuals has become more and more important.
Intellectuals refer to people who use their intelligence to research, reflect and speculate, ask questions and answer various questions about different ideas.
Generally speaking, there are three modern definitions of intellectuals. The first definition refers to people who are mainly engaged in occupations such as thought, writing, and spiritual life; the second definition mainly comes from Marxism. Intellectuals refer to people who are engaged in teaching, lawyers, journalism, and other occupations. This definition is in Mainland China is more popular; the third definition refers to cultural intellectuals, mainly refers to people with special abilities in culture and art, because of their ability to obtain a certain right to speak, so that they can influence the public and other things with this right.
Intellectuals refer to those mental workers who have a relatively high degree of cultural expertise among contemporary social workers, and whose specialized occupation is to create, accumulate, and disseminate cultural expertise. Intellectuals are a historical category, which arises with the emergence of classes and the separation of manual and mental labor, and it will also disappear with the abolition of classes and the elimination of the difference between manual and mental labor.
Therefore, it is a social mental worker stratum formed in a specific historical stage due to the division of labor, the lack of cultural education, and the lack of science and technology. In different countries and different historical periods, the criteria for determining intellectuals are different.
The criteria for determining intellectuals at the current stage in my country are mental workers who have an educational level of technical secondary school or above and are engaged in scientific research, education, cultural communication, technology application, business management, and other professional and technical work.
What Best Books Can Everyone Should Read To Develop Their Intellectual Level?
What Are The Best Intellectual Books Everyone Should Read?
1. To Kill a Mockingbird
by Harper Lee
Lawyer Atticus Finch defends the real mockingbird of Harper Lee's classic, Pulitzer Prize-winning novel--a black man charged with the rape of a white woman. Through the eyes of Atticus's children, Scout and Jem Finch, Harper Lee explores with rich humor and unanswering honesty the irrationality of adult attitudes toward race and class in the Deep South of the 1930s.
Harper Lee’s only novel in his life... The main storyline is the rape of Tom Robinson, a black man... Judging from Atticus’s interrogation of the plaintiff and her father... Robinson's innocence is obvious... Then the racial discrimination and prejudice of that era were still sentenced. He is guilty... After losing hope in the jail~ He tried to escape through the wall (I think it should be suicide)... Died under the guns of the guards... Before the trial... The author treats everyone in that town and the town.
I made a deep preparation... it seems that everything is irrelevant... and then in the end... the layers of the coat are peeled off... it turns out that everything is intertwined... aside from the case... there is still a lot of heartwarming in the book The place...especially Atticus, although he always seems to be busy with work, his love and care for the children are overflowing between the lines! He calmly guided the children on how to behave and how to do things... Plus, I really like scout's character of simply and rudely fighting with boys all day...
by George Orwell
"1984" is Orwell's handed-down work, a famous dystopian and anti-totalitarian political allegory in the world literary world. The novel was created in 1948, and the author reversed 48 to 84 as the title of the book. This book tells about a highly centralized rule that uses extreme methods such as changing history, changing language, and breaking the family to suppress people's thoughts and instincts, and uses a "telescreen" with surveillance and monitoring functions to control people's behavior and to worship the leader.
A hypothetical society that maintains the functioning of society with hatred of enemies at home and abroad, through the life of an ordinary person in this society, Winston Smith, projected the essence of totalitarianism in real life. Everyone who has experienced or is familiar with such historical events will have a shocking sense of fit after watching "1984". It is like a distinctive label, which awakens the world and does not allow the darkness of this prophecy to become a reality.
by Henry David Thoreau
This is a quiet, calm, and wise book. His analysis of life, criticism of customs, amazing language, flashing words, unique insights, and intriguing. Many of the pages are image descriptions, beautiful and exquisite, like the purity and transparency of lake water, and the dense green of mountains and forests; there are also some pages that are thorough, incisive, and inspiring.
After reading a book, complete a grand spiritual baptism. It's been a long time since I met such a favorite book. Thoreau not only helped me complete a natural journey without leaving home but also washed my filthy soul with his detached outlook on life. Reading his books is happy, happy, contented, and thirsty. Walden will fill my excerpts like many classics.
Like Thoreau, although I can't live like him, and I don't have the courage or ability to be like him, but he has fulfilled the dream of returning to the hermit that has more or less existed in everyone's heart. Since you can't be born, you can experience a kind of purity and a kind of nature from those who can. Thank you Walden for allowing us to have heart-to-heart communication across time and space.
4. One Hundred Years of Solitude
by Gabriel Garcia Marquez
The book was finished in a painful state. It is also rare that once I have read it, I can’t remember what was said in an instant so that when I start a new chapter, I usually have to turn back to regain my memory. In addition to the dizziness of the Spanish names, the soul of Ursula is most touched.
Then I turned back to find the last fragment of her life, but couldn't find the sympathy for her descendants who felt the most. That moment when she was dying but still clear. After reading it vaguely to the end, I realized why it is an enduring work that travels through time. I think that every work with great artistic contribution is like a beach in essence...
5. Things Fall Apart
by Chinua Achebe
In the beginning, I just read with the mentality of looking at things, because I can roughly imagine the progress of the story because of the class, but I saw that Okonkwo had trouble sleeping and eating because of Ikemefuna’s death, and it did not match my own perception of a man.
My son finally broke down because of the latter’s conversion to Christianity. Seeing that he had to face the incomprehension, disappointment, and final despair of Clan, which had been impacted by Christianity + colonial rule, and collapsed after the colonial rule, he and I seemed to have experienced the same. Confusion and pain.
The book begins with a village-wide convention and ends with another convention and its aftermath. Similar scenes and voices, the village’s beliefs and laws are different. In the end, Okonkwo's death, under the observation of the District Commissioner, was simple and cold, but it was teary.
6. A Visit from the Goon Squad
by Jennifer Egan
I would like to say that with the rock & roll writing style, I may not be able to understand for a while, coupled with cultural differences, language barriers, the whole book looks a bit like a cumbersome presentation of small stories.
The future setting of the last chapter and the return of the blood of the decadent middle-aged are slightly frivolous, but it is also a proper return to the beginning. The stories of Sasha, Rhea, Jocelyn, etc. are particularly sad, and the author obviously writes with a deeper female perspective. Many commentaries and novels reflect contemporary America, but the racial contradictions are not touched very much. It doesn't get in the way, it's good enough.
After barely clarifying the relationship between the characters and the timeline, I think it is quite interesting to jump and cut the narrative, although it may be more suitable for the theme and rock material of the passage of time in the film medium. You can dig deeper, but you will see many familiar New York landmarks!
by Haruki Murakami
The more I read, the more I feel that the novel is more meaningful to the author than to the reader, just like Murakami running a marathon, no matter how interested viewers are, they will get tired from time to time, but to the runners, it is like life itself. The language is fairly easy.
There are 100 pages left to read. In view of the fact that I have never had many expectations for Murakami's storyline, the first two are good, and the delicate psychological description in the novel and the loneliness of modern society are as shocking as ever.
If it weren't for the spoilers for 3, I think the burdens and foreshadowings so far can be buried, but... if none of these can be answered in the end, I really want to cry. . . I watched attentively and read such a thick book as a dictionary for almost a week.
8. The Fellowship of the Ring
by J.R.R. Tolkien
After putting on a book for several years without the courage to open it, I finished reading it with pleasure in these two weeks. It's the job that's never started as takes the longest to finish. "Then shouldering their burdens, they set off, seeking a path that would bring them over the grey hills of the Emyn Muil, and down into the Land of Shadow."
There are difficulties and obstacles in the front and chase and interception in the back. Compared with Bilbo's brisk and unexpected trip under the sun, Frodo and his party are really dark all the way forward. Arriving at Rivendell, it seemed to take a breath, but it was just the beginning. Sam was particularly moved by Hobbit's friendship. It must be matched with the map, otherwise, it will be more celestial. Inverted sentences bring epic beauty.
by Toni Morrison
Toni Morrison made the third shot. Always make people feel endless sweet sad. Look for the most human part in madness, cruelty, irrationality, and even inhumanity. Think of Byatt’s comment: reality can be cruel and absurd, but the writer can have love and human understanding.
White people believed that whatever the manners, under every dark skin was a jungle. Swift unnavigable waters swinging screaming baboons, sleeping snakes, red gums ready for their sweet white blood. In a way, he thought, they were right.
The more colored people spent their strength convincing how gentle they were, how clever and loving, how human, the more they used themselves up to persuade whites of something Negros believed could not be questioned, the deeper and more tangled the jungle grew inside. But it wasn't the jungle blacks brought with them to this place from the other (livable) place. It was the jungle white-folks placed in them. And it grew. It spread.
10. A People's History of the United States
by Howard Zinn
This is not a book about American history, but about how miserable people are. How miserable the aborigines are, how miserable are those who don't want to join the army to participate in the War of Independence, how miserable are the workers who strike, and how miserable the blacks are... not the worst, only worse.
This book can be summed up in a word: the expelled Indians, the enslaved blacks, the exploited poor whites, the discriminated against women, the bombed foreigners, all resist, and overthrow the evil American government! The communist tendency of this book is too strong, so it is not suitable as an enlightenment reading for American history, but it helps to understand the class nature of American society (the same for all mankind), understand the distribution mechanism of wealth and power, and absorb the humanitarian spirit (author Really good Father).
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