Feel that your brain is not enough? These books on logical thinking will make you a smart person after reading.
The 10 best books on logical thinking introduced today all start with the essence of logical thinking mode, leading readers to break away from the chaotic fragments, step by step to build the thinking mode necessary for this new era. Good books cannot be privately stored, share them with everyone, I hope you will like them too!
Readers who often read my articles should know, I advocate reading more about books on logical thinking, but I oppose reading without a brain. What kind of reading is brainless reading? Simply put, it is to turn yourself into a bookshelf, rather than to cultivate and improve your thinking ability through active thinking in the process of reading.
From this perspective, reading is also a technical job. The key to mastering this technology, that is, the key to thinking is whether to master logical thinking.
In today's information explosion, our work, study, and life are flooded and divided by ubiquitous fragmented knowledge. As a result, all kinds of complaints, anxiety, thirst for true knowledge, and anxiety over demanding have occurred from time to time and intensified. "Having a unique mode of logical thinking" has become an unattainable luxury in modern society.
Logic refers to the laws and methods of logical thinking. It has three main forms: deduction, induction, and analogy. Regarding logical thinking, many people think that it is only available for science and engineering, law, and other disciplines or jobs. But the fact is that logic exists in every aspect of our lives.
Take writing a paper as an example of logical thinking, no matter what discipline, the paper generally contains the following aspects:
- What is the problem to be studied in this paper
- What's the point of studying this question
- What are the methods and theoretical basis used to study this problem?
- Research which samples are used in this question, and what kind of treatments have been done to these samples
- What is the research process
- What conclusion
These aspects are inseparable from papers in any subject. In addition to writing papers, when we are writing other articles, logical thinking is also very important. Good writing logic allows us to clearly understand what we are expressing when writing an article. For readers, a logically clear article is easy to read.
In addition to external expressions, we also need logic when analyzing problems.
Concept of logical thinking and regarding the ability of logical thinking, many people have privately trusted me in the background during this period. Said that I am interested in logic, but I don't know where to start. I hope I can provide a list of books on logical thinking.
So today's article, let's discuss the best logical thinking books of all time that ordinary people can read if they want to learn how to think logically.
10 best books on logic for beginners that help improve logical thinking skills. I believe that everyone reading this kind of best book on logic hopes that in the future, they can become a person with logical thinking, can improve work efficiency, and communicate effectively with others.
Recommend these books on logical thinking to everyone, I hope everyone can quickly learn logical thinking methods, change their way of thinking, and be the best you can be.
10 Best Logical Thinking Books to Read in 2021
1. The Little Blue Reasoning Book
The Little Blue Reasoning Book: 50 Powerful Principles for Clear and Effective Thinking by Brandon Royal
Logic itself does not produce knowledge. Logic only provides a set of rules and methods that allow us to organize and use knowledge. How do understand this sentence? For example, the Curies discovered the element of radium.
The element radium naturally exists in nature. Before the Curies discovered the element radium, there have been records proving the existence of the element radium. The contribution made by the Curies lies in extracting the element radium from nature through scientific means and summarizing the characteristics of this element.
In the process of refining and summarizing, the method they follow is the expression of logic.
This book is one of a series of well-known American popular science books. It explains the logic and several forms of logic in easy-to-understand language. As an entry-level logic book, it is very suitable for ordinary people to read.
Brandon Royle, born in Canada, studied at Harvard University, and later worked as a supervisor at Kaplan, an exam training organization. His work has won the "International Book Award" five times, the "Presidential Book Award" five times, and the "Presidential Book Award" in 2011. He won the "Annual Education Book Award" in 2011.
During his tenure at Kaplan, he devoted himself to the study of English writing, grammar, and logical reasoning teaching, summing up his years of teaching experience, creating a complete set of teaching systems, and successively published "A Little Blue Logic Book" and "A Book" Classic works such as "Little Red Writing Book" and "A Little Golden Grammar Book" have become global benchmarks in the fields of English writing, grammar, and logical reasoning.
2. Denken lernen
Denken lernen: Entscheiden, urteilen und Probleme lösen, ohne in die üblichen Denkfallen zu tappen by Carl Naughton
This is an "anti-routine" routine book. By analyzing 21 common thinking traps, the author teaches us how to effectively jump out of thinking misunderstandings and make more correct choices. Without careful thinking, we are prone to all kinds of thinking errors pointed out in the book.
For example, the limited individual experience is summarized as a universal principle, the so-called swarming, and then the collective fall.
With his unique German rationality and speculative power, the author analyzes the essence layer by layer through the surface of the problem. When facing a problem, we can quickly see the logic behind it so that we can make correct and reasonable decisions. Only by freely mastering the multi-angle analysis of life can we become wiser and make our lives calmer.
What is the fallacy of attribution? Why does everything look like nails with a hammer in your hand? Why do we always like to find other people's problems? Why should I ask questions in the form of "negative consequences"?
All these questions can be answered in this book.
There are many logical pitfalls in daily life. Once trapped, it is easy to get out of it. The book "Invisible Logic" presents these common logic traps to readers in easy-to-understand language. If you think logic is particularly advanced, I suggest starting with this book. After cultivating an interest in logic, continue to learn more.
3. BEING LOGICAL
What preparation do you need to learn logic? What are the basic concepts in logic? How should syllogism be used in order to play its due role?
In this book, you can find the answers to these questions. This book is about the famous American philosopher and logician D. Q. McLennay wrote that more than 5,000 people rated it. It is regarded as one of the forty classic English books by the Chinese University of Hong Kong and is regarded as a crown book by the bookstore of Harvard University.
After reading this book, I believe that I will have a clearer understanding of the basic concepts of logic.
The author tells us in the book that logic is everywhere in life. Whether we are consciously or unconsciously, logic always serves our lives. However, there may not be too many people who have a clear idea of what logic is.
The author activates logic as art with his concise and interesting brushstrokes, from its basic principles to argumentation, to the root of illogical thinking, to 28 forms of illogical thinking that happen around you, Lead us into this wonderful logical world, experience the witty clash of thoughts, cross the ubiquitous logical traps, let you indulge in it and make you want to stop.
4. How to Win Every Argument
This is a book about logical fallacies.
Why learn logical fallacy? Because many times, others will use some language skills to mislead our judgments and let us have "correct" ideas about some wrong things.
This is a very dangerous thing. For example, MLM people often use this method to brainwash members.
Therefore, learning and identifying some logical fallacies and digging out logical loopholes from other people's words can enable us to turn passive into active and better protect ourselves.
This book presents 87 formal fallacies and non-formal fallacies with vivid examples. A concise and concise analysis of them is done to the point. It is very helpful for us to identify and refute fallacies and sophistry.
Many people need a win or two to boost morale. If real victory is not available, then occasionally beating the Scarecrow can also get a great sense of accomplishment.
This sentence is a common "scarecrow fallacy" in logic.
In the best book on logic and argument "How to Win Every Argument", the author lists five kinds, a total of 87 common logical fallacies. After reading this book, there are basically all logical fallacies that can be seen.
5. The Pyramid Principle
This book can be said to be famous. The author is the famous work of Barbara Minto, the first female consultant of McKinsey & Company. The book is called the Pyramid Principle because it was when writing the plan.
We must put the conclusion first, and then use several sub-arguments to explain this conclusion. Under each sub-argument, there are several arguments.
In this way, the overall structure looks like a pyramid.
This book is not strictly a logic-related book, but its core theory is completely in line with the logical reasoning process. So I recommend this book to everyone today.
6. A Rulebook for Arguments
Have you seen the "National College Student Debate Competition"? When the two debaters get their arguments, they will look for logical loopholes to attack their opponents while constructing their own arguments.
In order for one's own logic to prevail over the opponent, the debater also needs to find detailed arguments to support his argument.
It can be said that research understands what argument is, and when we express it to the outside world, we can make our chain of evidence to be tightly connected.
In "A Rulebook for Arguments", the author uses a large number of easy-to-understand, interesting, and life-like examples to summarize 50 rules of argumentation that must be followed, covering various disciplines and types of argumentation.
The book first explains the general principles of constructing a brief theory: how to start from a reliable premise, how to straighten out ideas, how to make your own argument concise and specific; secondly, it introduces example argumentation, causal argumentation, and deductive argumentation, and discusses detailed and oral arguments.
Statements, essay writing, and public debate should follow the rules; finally, the author reveals the common fallacies and pitfalls in the process of argumentation.
7. Introduction to Logic
This book can be called a classic of logic teaching materials, including classical logic and post-modern logic. It has been republished more than ten times so far, and it is enduring.
This is a classic textbook of logical thinking. The biggest feature of the book is that it can express abstract and boring logic principles in plain language, combined with some cases in the US Congress and newspapers, which is lively and interesting!
It systematically introduces the knowledge points involved in learning logic. It is broad and comprehensive. The amount of exercises is more difficult and pertinent. However, if the mathematics is not good, the deduction part will be more difficult.
This is the first textbook for self-learning logic, and there is no comparison with other books. Such a generalization may be somewhat limited. In addition, the translation is rather pale, and incomplete answers may cause some confusion to readers. For students who want to systematically learn logical thinking, this book is still a good choice.
8. The Art Of Logical Thinking Or The Laws of Reasoning
The last book is "Logic Nineteen Lectures", this book is not recommended for everyone to read. The reason for not recommending is that the content of this book is rather scattered. In addition, the basic concepts of logic are explained clearly. However, the translation is really poor, and it is particularly confusing to read.
For example, the following definition of "judgment": "Put together the two insights, concepts, or ideas that are complex or uncomplicated in the understanding of objects, and compare them in your thinking, and analyze the relationship between them, or whether one belongs to or belongs to or It doesn't belong to the other one." It feels very awkward to read, and there are many paragraphs like this.
There are many double negations, etc., in short, it is not recommended for logic and people who have difficulty understanding long sentences to read.
BrainChains: Your thinking brain is explained in simple terms by Dr. Theo Compernolle MD.PhD
In modern society, the pace of life is getting faster and faster. Everyone is busy, it seems that one day has passed. I lie in bed at night and think: What did I do this day? In a daze, there is no answer. Just like a person who wears a blindfold and is driven by others, he is extremely lacking in self-awareness and awareness.
Therefore, "focus on oneself" is the scarcest resource in this era. Only concentration can slow down time and give us the opportunity to "think slowly."
This is a book that subverts the habit of thinking. Starting from the structure of the brain, analyze the "four chains" that destroy the brain's intellectual performance, and provide us with specific unlocking techniques and tools.
This will further help readers devote important time to creative ideas and correct decisions, and improve processing capabilities and work efficiency.
10. Excellent Sheep
Excellent Sheep: The Miseducation of the American Elite and the Way to a Meaningful Life by William Deresiewicz
What is so good about going to an Ivy League school? Is it the face of the parents? Or to prove your own wisdom and wisdom? The author said that the greatest achievement of some Ivy League students in their lives may just be that they went to a certain Ivy League school.
The book counts the "several sins" of students in Ivy League schools such as Harvard, Yale, and Princeton, and proposes that "Ivy League schools are far inferior to public universities. Schools pay more attention to education, and their teaching methods are more flexible and cutting-edge". . Once listed, it caused widespread controversy in American society.
If you are worried about which school your child is going to, you may wish to refer to the many arguments and arguments in the book, and then decide whether to conform to your blind nature and continue to work hard under the pressure of admission.
A few books on improving logical thinking skills will introduce these books. After reading them, they are basically enough for a beginner.
The above are a few books on the introduction of logic. Reading more can give us a long experience. By learning more books on logical thinking, we can learn to look at problems objectively.